Abu Hamid al-Ghazali is one of the great Muslim jurists, theologians, and mystics of the Muslim world. He lived in the twelfth century. He was a polymath who wrote on a wide range of topics including jurisprudence, theology, mysticism, and philosophy. In the West he is famous for his devastating attack on philosophy, specifically metaphysics, in his Tahfut al-falasifa, translated as The Incoherence of the Philosophers. He is also the author of the famed Ihya ulum al-din (The Revival of Religious Sciences) a book that combines mysticism with daily life by emphasizing the underlying psychology of everyday practices and its ramification on life in this world and the hereafter. AKA: al-Ghazzali, Algazel (450-505 AH/1058-1111 AD).